Information for People Working with Children
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Serious Case Reviews
Page Update 26/01/2017
What are Serious Case Reviews?
The purpose of a Serious Case Review (SCR) is for agencies and individuals to learn lessons to improve the way in which they work both individually and collectively to safeguard and promote the welfare of children.
Under Regulation 5 of the Local Safeguarding Children Boards Regulations 2006 an LSCB is required to undertake a Serious Case Review where;
- abuse or neglect of a child is known or suspected; and
- either (i) the child has died, or (ii) the child has been seriously harmed and there is cause for concern as to the way in which the authority, their Board partners or other relevant persons have
worked together to safeguard the child
Further information on Serious Case Reviews can be found in Chapter 4 of ‘Working Together to Safeguard Children 2015
Brent Serious Case Review Process
Brent LSCB has a SCR sub-group (view Sub Groups page) which oversees and quality assures all the SCR's undertaken by the Board. The SCR Sub-Group provides advice on whether the criteria for conducting a review has been met.
Any professional or agency may refer a case to the LSCB to consider whether the criteria is met for a SCR. The Independent Chair makes the decision of whether to instigate a SCR.
The decisions to conduct an SCR should be made within one month of the notification of the incident. The LSCB must notify the National Panel of Independent Experts and Ofsted of this decision.
Brent LSCB must appoint one or more reviewers to lead the SCR. The lead reviewed must be independent of the LSCB and any organisations who are involved with the case.
The SCR is expected to be conducted in a way that;
- recognises the complex circumstances in which professionals work together to safeguard children;
- seeks to understand precisely who did what and the underlying reasons that led individuals and organisations to act as they did;
- seeks to understand practice from the viewpoint of the individuals and organisations involved at the time rather than using hindsight;
- is transparent about the way data is collected and analysed; and
- makes use of relevant research and case evidence to inform the findings.
Brent Serious Case Reviews
After the completion of a SCR, Brent LSCB will publish the full report. The report will include information on the review process, key issues arising from the case and recommendations / key issues for the LSCB to consider.
Brent LSCB has agreed that SCR Reports are published on this page for 12 months after which copies of specific Brent SCRs can be requested in writing.
Local Learning Reviews
If a case does not reach the threshold to conduct an SCR and our SCR Sub-Group believes that an investigation of the case may reveal important lessons that could improve safeguarding practice in Brent, the Board may also commission Multi-Agency Case Reviews.
Whenever possible we will seek to include frontline staff and managers, as well as parents, carers and young people in these reviews. Actions resulting from findings from these reviews receive the same rigorous monitoring and follow up as Serious Case Reviews, so that the findings from all reviews make a real impact on improving outcomes for children.
It is important for everyone to embrace the learning from reviews and take the necessary steps to help put right the issues identified.
Learning from National SCRs
The Government have conducted a triennial analysis which examines SCRs relating to incidents from April 2011 to March 2014 and considers findings from a 10-year period from 2003.
CLICK HERE to access the Triennial Analysis Report.